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What To Do With The Chip or Break a Tooth

Teeth are damaged in many ways and the damage could be slight or extensive depending upon the condition of teeth and injury. If the damage caused to teeth is major then you have to make a visit to your dentist and in case of minor injury, you can solve it at home.

In case of major injury quickly address the pain and protect your teeth and inside of the mouth from further injury.

Break a tooth:

If there is a break in the tooth first rinse your mouth with warm water right away to clean it. Then apply pressure to the area to stop bleeding and place a cold compress at the area of swelling.

Lose a tooth:

If the tooth has popped out completely from the mouth, use a gauze pad to hold it by the crown and then try to place it back into the socket if possible.

If the tooth appears to be dirty then rinse it with clean water. Don’t clean or scrub it with any other solution and don’t clean hard otherwise bits of tissue will mix in water.

If you are not able to put the tooth back in the socket place it in the glass of water, milk, or saline solution. Try to get to the dentist as fast as possible before 30minutes.

How to protect your mouth until you see a dentist:

If your tooth got a small chip, that case applies dental wax over the edge to keep it from slicing your tongue or affecting your mouth. This procedure is not recommended if you have a large chip or section of tooth missing.

OTC temporary kits that contain dental wax are available in drugstores.

Try to avoid chewing on the side with a damaged tooth and floss around the tooth to reduce pressure.

Injuries that need treatment and that don’t need treatment:

In case of injuries, any tooth can break down that range from slight cosmetic damage to serious injuries. Deep can run down to roots or from the tooth’s center to the pulp chamber, which contains blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue.

Cracks may not be visible, hiding inside the tooth or below the gums. Some of the chips or cracks may have no symptoms or symptoms that appear to be cavities, sensitivity or periodontal disease.

The deeper or wider range of cracks needs extensive treatment. A dentist can diagnose the damage with or without magnifying glass by performing a bite test or using a dental x-ray.

Cracks that might not need treatment:

Not every crack or chip needs treatment or some are quite common. Craze lines are small cracks that appear on enamel only or are common.

Cracks that need to see a dentist:

You will have to see the dentist in any case of small crack or chips because it is hard to tell the extent of damage caused to the tooth.

There are no home remedies to prevent further injuries to your teeth and mouth and the sharp edge of a cracked tooth can damage soft tissues of the mouth, causing more pain, infection, and costlier treatment.

In case of untreated damage, it could lead to a root canal, tooth loss, or other complications.

Common Brushing Mistakes That People Make

Many people are scared to visit a dentist and, they do not take care of their teeth so much. Even some people who brush daily, also find themselves suffering from teeth pain and other oral problems.

It is advised to visit your dentist after 6months, you can also do some things on your own to keep your dental healthy. There are certain mistakes that people do while brushing their teeth daily and they have made routine which is now a habit that can lead to poor dental health.

Not using a proper toothbrush: one of the most common mistakes which many people do is they think a hard toothbrush will clean your teeth more. But this is the wrong myth to buy a medium or hard toothbrush for teeth cleaning should be stopped. Instead, buy a toothbrush with soft bristles so that it does not cause damage to the upper layer of teeth with overzealous care.

Using whitening or anti-sensitivity toothpaste regularly: A common mistake concerning toothpaste is to use medicated toothpaste which is meant to mask sensitivity for a long period. This type of toothpaste will mask the symptoms but do not treat the problem else they make your teeth vulnerable to gum diseases and bad breath. The type of toothpaste does not matter as long as you use the right amount and brush twice a day. Sensitive toothpaste is meant for a prescribed time while whitening toothpaste must be used under the supervision of the dentist to prevent damage to teeth. Toothpaste must protect your teeth and gums so it should contain fluoride that protects your teeth from decay.

Wrestling with teeth: hard brushing will damage your teeth and brushing more than 3-4 times is also bad. Unlearning bad habits may be hard so you can switch from manual to automatic brush. A battery-operated brush is difficult to adjust for some time but makes dental hygiene easy and even reduce the frequency of dental visit.

Wrong brushing technique: brushing technique used on teeth should be vertical, not horizontal. Many people are habituated to taking long horizontal brushing strokes. This can lead to irritation and damage. Hold your brush at 45 degrees to your gums and start brushing in an up and down motion. Don’t use side-to-side motion and try to reach the areas that you have been ignoring till now.

Brushing too many times or too quickly: most of us hate going to the dentist so to avoid your visit with the dentist best alternative is to start properly doing the brush. Remember you cannot remove old cavities so easily but can avoid new cavities. Always ensure you do not brush more than twice a day as excessive brushing can damage your teeth enamel and gums. To remove plaque do not brush very hard most dental practitioners suggest brushing in a balanced manner.

How To Assess Your Risk for Tooth Decay

Talking about tooth decay it is the most common oral problem found in people. It is caused due to damage in tooth’s enamel. This happens when harmful bacteria create acid in your mouth that can attack the tooth’s surface. These bacteria attack the tooth’s enamel and dentin by softening them and causing small holes called the cavity. If these cavities are not treated on time can lead to tooth loss.

Tooth decay at an early stage will show no symptoms but as soon as it will increase can cause pain, toothache, sensitivity to sweets, and temperature of food.

Cause of tooth decay:

The main causes of tooth decay are food, drinks, and bacteria. A clear sticky liquid called plaque is always formed on your teeth. The plaque contains bacteria that feed on the sugar present in food and drinks.

The bacteria present on teeth form the acid that attacks tooth enamel’s making it lose its minerals. Drinking beverages that contain sugar can expose teeth to acid which causes enamel to continue mineral loss. Sugary foods and drinks should be consumed with other healthy meals that can clean your teeth of acids. Chocolate, toffee that can stick on teeth for a long time can increase your risk of developing tooth decay.

A risk factor in tooth decay:  

Anyone with teeth has a risk of getting tooth decay. Some factors which you can control while some factors you cannot control.

Things you can control could be limiting sugar intake, alcohol, following good oral hygiene, using fluoride toothpaste, and avoiding tobacco.  

Factors that are not in your control are age, using medicines that contain sugar, and respiratory problems that dry out your mouth like asthma.

Infants and toddlers are at higher risk as they drink milk only with a bottle which occurs when a child is put on the bed with a bottle filled with juice, milk, or formula. The sugar in these liquids feeds bacteria that can cause tooth decay. Teeth in young children are still growing so the minerals in these teeth are not stable making it easier for acids to attack them and eat away the teeth’ enamel.

Diagnosis and prevention of tooth decay:

In the early stage of tooth decay, it may appear as white spot-on teeth, more advanced stage will appear as black spot or hole in the tooth. A dentist can go for an x-ray report to detect decay, while your dentist can also check if a sensitive tooth is soft or sticky.

To prevent tooth decay start brushing twice a day, flossing, and using mouthwash once a day to improve your oral health. Regular dental checkups will help the dentist in spotting early stages of tooth decay by removing all plaque from the tooth.

Treatment of tooth decay:

A small amount of tooth decay on your enamel may be treated by using medicated mouthwash or toothpaste that contains a high level of fluoride.  A small cavity is repaired by performing filling while a large cavity may require Inlay or Onlay or even a crown to protect its structure.

To save the decayed tooth with an abscess, a root canal treatment needs to be done. Once the infection is removed from a tooth, the chamber is sealed and the tooth is restored with a crown.

If the tooth cannot be saved, your dentist will go for extraction but the dentist will treat this as a last resort.